To be valid and enforceable, a rule or regulation of the Board of Directors must meet a two-tier test. First, it must be within the authority of the board to enact such rules and regulations. Second, the rule or regulation must be reasonable and not arbitrary and capricious. The rule or regulation is not enforceable; where it conflicts with the declaration of condominium (i.e. the association may not enact rules that limit rentals, where the association’s declaration does not place any restrictions on the rental of units—this would need to be accomplished by amendment to the pertinent portion of the declaration of condominium).
So long as the board has the authority to enact rules and regulations, it is likely that such authority extends to the promulgation of rules pertaining to allowable floor coverings within the condominium units. While unit owners are likely correct that improvements such as hardwood flooring may garner a higher resale price, the ability to install such flooring is likely not a right that is guaranteed to the owner under the association’s governing documents.
“Every may justly consider his home his castle and himself as the king thereof; nonetheless his sovereign fiat to use his property as he pleases must yield, at least in degree, where ownership is in cooperation with others. The benefits of condominium living and ownership demand no less. The individual ought not be permitted to disrupt the integrity of the common scheme through his desire for change, however laudable that change might be.”Stirling Village Condominium Association v. Breitenbach , 251 So.2d 685 (Fla. 4th DCA 1971). The preceding quote is from a 1971 case in which a unit owner similarly desired to enhance their condominium unit’s value by replacing a screened enclosure with glass jalousies.
Many associations have rules as to floor coverings due to the close proximity of units to each other and noise transmission between the condominium units. One of the most frequent complaints we get amongst neighbors in condominiums is the transmission of noise due to inadequacy of floor coverings to properly dampen sound. Many associations limit the type of floor coverings that can be used in portions of the condominium unit, or require installation of noise dampening material between the hardwood, tile or laminate flooring and the unit’s concrete slab. It is advisable that the association consult with their attorney for the drafting of an amendment to the declaration of condominium as to installation of noise dampening material, or the promulgation of a more clear rule that permits such flooring, as favored by the unit owners, so long as it is installed with noise-dampening material to minimize noise transmission between condominium units.