When Snowbirds Fly How Seasonal Residents Impact HOAs

 Every year the state of Florida experiences an ebb and flow of full-time and  part time residents; as the seasons change, so does the population. Part-time  residents from the northern United States and Canada live and work in Florida  for an extended time every winter, while a percentage of permanent residents of  Florida migrate north during the warmest months, and an even larger number of  residents call Florida home 365 days of the year. The official census of 2010  places Florida as the fourth most populated state in the nation with 18,801,310  residents. Estimates increase those figures to 19.5 million currently and still  do not reflect the influx of vacationers and visitors Florida attracts each  year.  

 Snow- and Sunbirds

 With 8,000 miles of shoreline and 1,300 miles of sandy beaches, it is easy to  see why Florida is both the residential and seasonal destination for millions  of Americans, Europeans, and international world citizens. It is unclear  exactly when northern visitors to the Sunshine State became known as “Snowbirds,” but Canadian singer Anne Murray made the term famous in 1970 with the release  of her song bearing the same name. The term is applied most commonly to the  seasonal northern visitors who visit Florida annually generally during the  period from November through April. National elections, early or late snowfalls  and holidays can and do affect the annual exodus in both directions. Full time  residents who leave Florida for several weeks during the hottest summer months  are often referred to as “Sunbirds.”  

 No matter what term is applied to residents, this annual migration can present  challenges for condos, HOAs and the property management firms that work on a  personal level with this segment of Florida’s population. After all, administrative and managerial duties remain constant  regardless of the season. Security, emergency access to units, voting and  ongoing communications can get complicated when residents are miles away for  months at a time. Well-run buildings and associations have systems in place to  manage the myriad of concerns with proactive operating strategies tested and in  place, all year long.  

 Ben Solomon, Esq., managing partner and co-founder of the Association Law Group  in Miami Beach, has seen varied scenarios with snowbirds in the  heavily-populated Miami area. In his experience, oceanfront condos are most  often occupied with seasonal residents—sometimes as much as 75 percent of the building's population—while nearly all the condos west of the beaches are occupied by regular  full-time residents.  

 Trouble in Paradise

 Inconsiderate or unconcerned seasonal owners can make life in the Sunshine State  something less than paradise. “Security, short term leasing, and maintenance are all issues seasonal buildings  face frequently,” Solomon says. Additionally, out-of-state or overseas property owners sometimes  send in payments and fees late. If an owner fails to pay at all, it may be  difficult to pursue legal action across state lines or country borders.  


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